Intention for whole month
Q- Does everyday of fasting in Ramadan require an intention, or is it sufficient to make one intention for the whole month?
A – It is sufficient in Ramadan to make one intention at the beginning of it, because even if the fasting person did not make an intention for every day the night before, that was his intention at the start of the month. But if the fasting is broken during the month due to a journey, or illness or the like, he must make fresh intention, because he has broken it by abandoning the fast due to travel, illness or the like.
– Sheikh Muhammad Bin Saleh Al-Uthaymeen; Islamic Verdicts on the Pillars of Islam, vol. 2, pg. 644
Laziness at work
Q- There is an employee who says he has slept more than once on the job and did not do his work. Has he invalidated his fast in doing so?
A – His fast is not invalidated, because there is no relationship between not doing work and the fast. However, it is obligatory on the person who is assigned a job to perform the job that he has been entrusted with. This is because he takes pay and a salary for this work. It is obligatory that his work be done in a manner that will free him of any liability, just as he expects his entire salary. However, the reward for his fast is lessened due to his doing something forbidden, which is his sleeping on the job that has been entrusted to him.
– Sheikh Muhammad Bin Saleh Al-Uthaymeen; Fatawa Islamiyyah,
vol. 3, pg. 281
Senile at times
Q- What is the ruling of the fast of one who at times is sane and at times is not, or is sane at times and relapses into senility at other times?
A – The ruling revolves around his state. So when he is awake and in his senses, he must fast, and when he is unconscious or senile he is not required to fast. Let us assume he is senile one day and sane the next, then on the day he is senile he is not required to fast, and on the day he is sane he is required to fast.
– Sheikh Bin Uthaymeen; Fatawa Ramadan, vol. 1, pg. 239